A “national identity card” is a digital solution to a person’s identity verification. As it is a digital feature, it is very important in the modern age as it can be interrelated with the public service and used for various purposes. Many countries have a policy of successfully implementing it in their country and some countries are even using it successfully. Receiving such a digital identity card by all citizens without discrimination is also to support national inclusion.
It has been announced that the Government of Nepal will make arrangements for the use of biometric smart card with photo so that all Nepali citizens can use it as a national identity card even in the election through the annual policy and program and budget statement of 2066/07 and a separate central body will be set up for the implementation. After that, as per the decision of the Government of Nepal dated 2067-03-16, the National ID Management Center was established on 2067-04-01 as a central body at the departmental level under the Ministry of Home Affairs. As per the decision of 2075/06/28, after the amalgamation of the said Central and Central Registration Department, it is operated under the name of National Identity Card and Registration Department.