HRM
BBS/BBA/MBS Exam Notes

What is On-the-job & Off-the-job Training in HRM? Explanation & Difference

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Job Instruction Training. Job Rotation. Mentoring. Apprenticeship. Off-the-job Training. Lectures. Group Discussion. Brainstorming. Electronic Training. Simulation. Role Playing. Internship Training. Case Study.

On the Job Training

On-the-job training is an important topic of human resource management. It helps develop the career of the individual and the prosperous growth of the organization. On the job training is a form of training provided at the workplace. 

On-the-job training, also known as OJT, is a hands-on method of teaching the skills, knowledge, and competencies needed for employees to perform a specific job within the workplace. Employees learn in an environment where they will need to practice the knowledge and skills obtained during their training.

On-the-job training uses the existing workplace tools, machines, documents, equipment, and knowledge to teach an employee how to effectively do their job. Consequently, no stand-ins exist that will require an employee to make the training transfer to the workplace.

Training takes place within the employee’s normal job environment and may occur as he or she performs their actual work. Or it may happen elsewhere within the workplace using dedicated training rooms, workstations, or equipment.

Off the Job Training

Off-the-job training is conducted in a location specifically designated for training. It may be near the workplace or away from work, at a special training center or a resort conducting the training away from the workplace minimize distractions and allows trainees to devote their full attention to the material being taught- However, off-the-job training programs may not provide as much transfer of training to the actual job as do on-the-job programs. Many people equate off-the-job training with the lecture method, but in fact a very wide variety of methods can be used. 

Off the job training involves employees training at a site away from the actual work environment. It often utilizes lectures, case studies, role playing, simulation, etc. See also on the job training.

Types & Difference between On the Job Training & Off the Job Training

On the Job Training Methods

  • Job rotation
  • Coaching
  • Committee assignment
  • Under study
  • Apprenticeship

Off the job training methods

  • Vestibule Training
  • Role playing
  • Lecture method
  • Conference
  • Program instruction
  • Film & demonstration

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